• Practice Test: Verbal Ability – 45


      Directions (Questions: 1-15):

    Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

      Energy is neither created nor destroyed; it is only recycled and recast in different forms. Even the human body is a form of energy. Call it prana or jivatma or simply vayu energy sustains the gross body and expresses itself through sensory perceptions and the basic physical elements.


    The three fundamental gunas- satvik, nijasik and tamasik which characterize the nature of the human being, very often in a combination, are further sub divided into many basic qualities commonly known as human values. Love, affection, integrity and truth, for instance, are values that are as important to life as breathing or eating. These values are positive but in the course of practice and because they emanate from a mind that is susceptible to negative thoughts, they get corrupted. They generate negativity and manifest in the form of tying cheating or causing others harm. The very fact that human civilization has survived over centuries shows that despite all the negativity, the force of positive energy within all of us continues to expand and enrich.


    According to the theory of karma, every action generates a corresponding reaction good or bad as the case may be. The process might take place in this life or the next, but take place, it will. The theory prompted sages to exhort humanity to be good and do good. This way, the result of a good deed will invariably be good which will add to the collective good of the human species. This is what Sri Aurobindo called the Goodness Quotient. Swami Vivekananda firmly believed that human nature is basically good. It is only to be perceived as such and having been aware, to follow it through for the good of oneself so that it multiplies for social good. Goodness will help improve the quality of life of not just the individual but an entire society. There is no such thing as negative energy, ail energy being positive and constantly recycled. Negativity is therefore a dysfunction of thought or out lock. This has to be resisted from within by reinforcing the positive qualities inherent in human nature.


    The instant gratification of the senses might be the driving force in a society driven by consumerism but realizing that all the material success and prosperity you have acquired over a lifetime means nothing once your body lies inert, life takes on a new meaning.

    1 What did Swami Vivekananda believe?

    (A) Perceiving goodness in human nature is important.

    (B) Doing good deeds benefits the individual.

    (C) Individual good multiplies into social good.

      a) Only (A)

    b) Both (A) & (B)

    c) Ali (A), (B) & (C)

    d) Both (B) & (C)

    e) None of these

    2 Which of the following is suggested by the theory of Karma?
      a) Human nature is basically bad.
      b) A person is rewarded or punished only in his lifetime.
      c) Human civilizations will continue to survive over the years.
      d) Every action has a corresponding reaction.
      e) Energy is recycled.
    3 The fact that human civilization has survived indicates that-
      a) positive energy within us increases despite negativity
      b) too much positive energy is not harmful
      c) negative energy usually overpowers positive energy
      d) negative energy gets destroyed
      e) positive values do not get corrupted if they are practiced
    4 Which of the following should be the title of the passage?
      a) The Role of Negative Energy
      b) The Theory of Gunas
      c) Consumerism and the Goodness Quotient
      d) The Teachings of Sages
      e) None of these
    5 What is the Goodness Quotient?
      a) Human nature though basically bad can be trained.
      b) Goodness need not improve the quality of life.
      c) The chance that the reaction to every action can either be good or bad.
      d) The outcome of good deeds is good and adds to the common good.
      e) None of these
    6 How does energy express itself?
      a) Through negative emotions
      b) Through sensory perceptions and the basic physical elements.
      c) Through the human body
      d) Through Prana and Vayu
      e) None of these
    7 What is the driving force of a society driven by consumerism?
      a) Improvement of society
      b) Understanding the meaning of life
      c) Search for positive energy
      d) Fulfilling all desires immediately
      e) None of these
    8 Which of the following characterizes human nature?
      a) Actions such as breathing and eating
      b) Good deeds
      c) Satvik, rajasik, vayu
      d) Negative thoughts and actions
      e) Three basic gunas comprising basic human values
    9 Which of the following is NOT true in the context of the passage?
      a) Energy helps to sustain our physical body
      b) Negativity is manifested in the form of lying and cheating
      c) The theory of Karma believes in punishment
      d) Negativity is the result of positive values getting corrupted.
      e) A person’s good deeds can improve an entire society
    10 Which of the following is TRUE about negativity?
      a) It existed before positive energy.
      b) Negativity comes from a deviation of our thoughts.
      c) Negativity cannot be fought
      d) Negative energy is stronger than positive energy
      e) None of these
      Directions (Questions: 11-13):

    Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold type as used in the passage.

    11 exhort
      a) threaten
      b) show
      c) encourage
      d) alert
      e) force
    12 sustains
      a) supports
      b) defends
      c) comforts
      d) holds
      e) destroys
    13 emanate
      a) express
      b) originate
      c) invent
      d) enter
      e) expect
      Directions (Questions: 14 – 15):

    Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

    14 acquired
      a) grabbed
      b) freed
      c) stopped
      d) leave
      e) lost
    15 enrich
      a) poor
      b) courage
      c) diminish
      d) poison
      e) change
      Directions (Questions: 16-25):

    Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is e). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)

    16 The report states that (a)/ India needs to (b)/ invest heavily in infrastructure (c)/ to ensure economy growth. (d)/ No error (e)
    17 Unfortunately many (a)/ in rural areas (b)/ are still deprived (c)/ of adequate healthcare facilities. (d)/No error (e)
    18 Inspite of the many (a)/ challenges faced by themselves (b)/ the company has made (c)/ a profit this year. (d)/ No error (e)
    19 Traditionally sources of (a)/ energy must be utilized (b)/ rather than opting (c)/ for nuclear fuel (d)/No error (e)
    20 The government has vowed to (a)/ achieve its goal of sending (b)/ a child to school (c)/ in the next two years (d)/ No error (e)
    21 The media can (a)/ play a crucial role (b)/ ensures that ordinary (c)/ citizens get justice. (d)/No error (e)
    22 The RBI which monitors (a)/ banking operations do not (b)/ have the resources to (c)/ carry out investigations also. (d)/No error (e)
    23 After a delay in (a)/ more than five months (b)/ the project is likely (c)/ to commence next week. (d)/No error (e)
    24 The microcredit movement should (a)/ be promoted in states (b)/ when access to (c)/ bank credit is low. (d)/No error (e)
    25 The Board has not approved (a)/ the proposal because much (b)/ of the rates quoted (c)/ are very high. (d)/No error (e)


    Check below for answers
















    1 C) all A, B and C
    2 D) every action has a corresponding reaction
    3 A) human nature is basically bad
    4 B) the theory of gunas
    5 D) the outcome of good deeds is good and adds to the common good
    6 B) through sensory perceptions and the basic physical elements.
    7 D) fulfilling all desires immediately
    8 C) Satvic , Rajosic and Vayu
    9 C) The theory of Karma believes in punishment
    10 B) Negativity comes from a deviation of our thoughts
    11 C) encourage
    12 A) supports
    13 B) originate
    14 E) lost
    15 C) diminish
    16 D) to ensure economic growth
    17 A) unfortunately many
    18 B) challenges faced by them
    19 A) traditionally sources of
    20 C) a child to school
    21 C) ensures that ordinary
    22 B) banking operations do not
    23 A) after a delay in
    24 C) when access to
    25 B) the proposal because much


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