|Directions (Questions: 1- 15):
Read the following passage t answer the given questions based on it. Some words/phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
|The e-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, have the potential to turn a growing problem into a developmental opportunity. With almost half-a-year to go before the rules take effect, there is enough time to create the necessary infrastructure for collection dismantling, and recycling of electronic waste. The focus must be on sincere and efficient implementation. Only decisive action can reduce the pollution and health cost associated with India’s hazardous water recycling industry. If India can achieve a transformation, it will be creating a whole new employment sector that provides good wages and working conditions for tens of thousands. The legacy response of the States to even the basic law of urban waste, the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, has been one of indifference; many cities continue to simply burn the garbage or dump it in lakes. With the emphasis now on segregation of waste at source and recovery of materials, it should be feasible to implement both sets of rules efficiently. A welcome feature of the new e-waste rules is the emphasis on extended producer responsibility. In other words, producers must take responsibility for the disposal of end-of-life product. For this provision to work, they must ensure that consumers who sell scrap get some form of financial incentive.
The e-waster rules, which derive from those pertaining to hazardous waste, are scheduled to come into force on May 1, 2012. Sound as they are, the task of scientifically disposing a few hundred thousand tonnes of trash electronics annually depends heavily on a system of oversight by State Pollution Control Boards (PCBs). Unfortunately, most PCBs remain unaccountable and often lack the resources for active enforcement. It must be pointed out that, although agencies handling ewaste must obtain environmental clearances and be authorised and registered by the PCBs even under the Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Trans boundary Movement) Rules, 2008, there has been little practical impact. Over 95 per cent of electronic waste is collected and recycled by the informal sector. The way forward is for the PCBs to be made accountable for enforcement of the e-waste rules, and the levy of penalties under environmental laws. Clearly, the first order priority is to create a system that will absorb the 80,000 strong workforce in the informal sector into the proposed scheme for scientific recycling. Facilities must be created to upgrade the skills of these workers through training and their occupational health must be ensured.
Recycling of e-waste is one of the biggest challenges today. In such a time, when globalization and information technology are growing at a pace which could only be imagined few years back, e-waste and its hazards have become more important over a period of time and should be given immediate attention.
|1||What according to the passage is important now for e-waste management?|
|(1) Making rules|
|(2) Reviewing rules|
|(3) Implementing rules|
|(4) Notifying rules|
|(5) Amending rules|
|2||Which of the following can be one of the by-products of effective e-waste management?|
|(1) India can guide other countries in doing so|
|(2) It will promote international understanding|
|(3) It will promote national integration|
|(4) It will create a new employment sector|
|(5) It will further empower judiciary|
|3||Which of the following rules has not been indicated in the passage?|
|(1) e-waste Rules 2011|
|(2) Pollution Check Rules|
|(3) Hazardous Wastes Rules, 2008|
|(4) Municipal Solid Wastes Rules|
|(5) All these have been indicated|
|4||“both sets of rules” is being referred to which of the following?|
|(1) Solid wastes and Hazardous wastes|
|(2) e-waste and Hazardous waste|
|(3) Solid waste and e-waste|
|(4) e-waste and e-production|
|(5) Solid waste and recycling waste|
|5||e-waste rules have been derived from those pertaining to __________|
|(1) Hazardous waste|
|(2) PC waste|
|(4) Municipal solid waste|
|(5) National waste|
|6||Which of the following will help implement “both sets of rules”?|
|(1) Employment opportunities|
|(2) International collaboration|
|(3) Financial Incentive|
|(4) Segregation of waster at source|
|(5) Health costs|
|7||e-waste Rules come/come into force from _______|
|8||Which of the following best explains the meaning of the phrase – “which could only be imagined few years back”, as used in the passage?|
|(1) It was doomed|
|(2) It took us few years|
|(3) It took us back by few years|
|(4) Imagination is better than IT|
|(5) None of these|
|9||Which of the following is true in the context of the passage?|
|(1) No city dumps its waste in lakes|
|(2) Some cities burn garbage|
|(3) PCBs have adequate resource for active enforcement|
|(4) e-waste was a much bigger challenge in the past|
|(5) None of these|
|10||Which of the following is not true in the context of the passage?|
|(1) Some form of financial incentive is recommended for the producers|
|(2) Some financial incentive is recommended for the production|
|(3) e-waste will be a few hundred thousand tonnes|
|(4) The agencies handling e-waste have to obtain environmental clearances|
|(5) Those involved in e-waste management would need to upgrade their skills|
|Directions (Questions: 11- 13):
Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning of the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.
|Directions (Questions: 14- 15):
Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.
|Directions (Questions: 16- 25):
In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggest, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
|Today countries all over the world are experiencing many natural disasters like floods and earthquakes.
In 2011, the United Nations conducted a (91) on the natural distance that occurred (92) 1975 to 2007. Their report said that the (93) of natural disasters has increased tremendously (94) we do not respect the environment and (95) unsafe cities. Some countries like Japan are also (96) in the areas where earthquakes often take place. (97) countries cope with these natural disasters efficiently (98) making technological developments. So Japan invests in (99) buildings which earthquakes will not destroy (100).
We cannot avoid challenges but must face up to them.
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