• Practice Test: Logical Reasoning – 44

     

      Directions (Questions 1-6)

    A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

      Input : go now 52 38 17 for again 65
      Step I : 65 go now 52 38 17 for again
      Step II : 65 again go now 52 38 17 for
      Step III : 65 again 52 go now 38 17 for
      Step IV : 65 again 52 for go now 38 17
      Step V : 65 again 52 for 38 go now 17
      Step VI : 65 again 52 for 38 go 17 now
      Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement.
      As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
       
    1 Input: home turf 39 24 86 44 roll over
      Which of the following steps will be the last?
      a) X
      b) IX
      c) VIII
      d) VII
      e) None of these
       
    2 Step III of input is: 94 car 86 window shut 52 31 house
      Which of the following is definitely the input?
      a) 94 car window 86 shut 52 31 house
      b) 86 window 94 car shut 52 31 house
      c) car shut window 86 52 31 house 94
      d) Cannot be determined
      e) None of these
       
    3 Step IV of an input is: 58 box 47 dew 15 21 town pot
      Which of the following steps will be the last?
      a) VII
      b) VI
      c) VIII
      d) IX
      e) None of these
       
    4 Input: show 51 36 new far 81 46 goal
      Which of the following steps will be the last but one?
      a) VII
      b) VIII
      c) VI
      d) V
      e) None of these
       
    5 Input: buy win task 52 38 43 door 12
      Which of the following will be step IV?
      a) 52 buy 43 door 38 task 12 win
      b) 52 buy 43 door 38 task win 12
      c) 52 buy 43 door task win 38 12
      d) There will be no such step
      e) None of these
       
    6 Step II of an input is : 76 ask 12 32 begin over join 42
      How many more steps will be required to complete the rearrangement?
      a) Four
      b) Five
      c) Six
      d) Three
      e) None of these
       
      Directions (Questions 7-12)

    In each question below is given a group of letters followed by a combination of digit/symbols numbered a), b), c) and d). You have to find out which of the combination correctly represents the group of letters based on the following coding system and conditions. If none of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters give e) i.e. ‘None of these’ as your answer.

      Letters : M R I T J P Q E U D A F H W
      Digit/Symbol Code: 8 4 9 5 1 # @ 2 6 © 3 $ * 7
      Conditions :
      (i) If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel, the codes are to be interchanged

    (ii) If the first letter is a vowel and the last letter is a consonant both are to be coded as %.

    (iii) If both the first and the last letters are vowels, both are to be coded as the code for the first letter.

    7 AMQDHI
      a) 38@©*9
      b) 98@©*9
      c) 98@©*3
      d) 38@©*3
      e) None of these
       
    8 UMQJPA
      a) 38@1#6
      b) 68@1#3
      c) 68@1#6
      d) 6@81#C
      e) None of these
       
    9 IREDHP
      a) %42©*%
      b) 942©*#
      c) #42©*9
      d) 942©*9
      e) None of these
       
    10 RPJWQE
      a) 2#17@4
      b) 4#17@2
      c) 2#17@2
      d) 4#17@4
      e) None of these
       
    11 JDWPUH
      a) 17©#6*
      b) 1©7#6*
      c) *1©7#6
      d) *©7#6I
      e) None of these
       
    12 FTMQEW
      a) $85@27
      b) 758@ 2$
      c) $58@ 2$
      d) 758 @ 27
      e) None of these
       
      Directions (Questions 13-17)

    Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

      P, Q, R, S, T, V and W are sitting around a circle facing at the centre. V is second to the left of P and second to the right of W. T is third to the right of Q and is not an immediate neighbour of V.

    S is third to the right of R.

       
    13 Who is to the immediate left of S?
      a) V
      b) T
      c) Q
      d) W
      e) None of these
       
    14 Who is third to the left of V?
      a) T
      b) S
      c) W
      d) R
      e) None of these
       
    15 In which of the following groups the first person is sitting between the second and the third persons?
      a) RPQ
      b) TWS
      c) QPR
      d) QVS
      e) None of these
       
    16 Who is second to the right of Q?
      a) R
      b) W
      c) T
      d) S
      e) None of these
       
    17 Who is to the immediate right of R?
      a) W
      b) T
      c) P
      d) Data inadequate
      e) None of these
       
      Directions (Questions 18-22)

    In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II.

      Assumptions something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
      Give answer a) if only assumption I is implicit.

    Give answer b) if only assumption II is implicit.

    Give answer c) if either assumption I or II is implicit.

    Give answer d) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit.

    Give answer e) if both assumptions I and II are implicit.

    18 Statement:  Many employees of the organization applied for special sabbatical leave of two years to pursue higher education.
      Assumptions: I. The management of the organization may not grant leave to most of these employees.

    II. These employees may be able to complete their education during the sabbatical leave.

       
    19 Statement: Most of the private companies have decided against awarding annual increase in the salaries of their employees for the previous year due to current economic situations.
      Assumptions: I. Majority of the employees may leave their job to protest against the decision.

    II. These companies may announce hike in salaries next year.

     
    20 Statement: The college administration has instructed all the students to stop using cell phones within the college premises.
      Assumptions: I. The students may stop using cell phones in the college premises.

    II. The students may continue to use cell phones in the college premises.

     
    21 Statement: The Govt. has decided to levy congestion tax to passengers traveling by air to and from the metro cities.
      Assumptions: I. The tax so collected may be adequate to meet part of the expenses for providing additional resources to handle huge traffic.

    II. Passengers traveling by air to and for these cities may be able to pay extra amount by way of congestion tax.

       
    22 Statement: The local citizens group submitted a memorandum to the civic authority for allowing them to convert the vacant plot in the locality into a garden at their own cost.
      Assumptions: I. The local citizen group may be able to gather enough funds to develop the garden.

    II. The civic authority may not accede to the request of the local citizen group.

       
      Directions (Questions 23-27)

    Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

      Mark answer a) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.

    Mark answer b) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

    Mark answer c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

    Mark answer d) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

    Mark answer e) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

       
    23 A. All the airlines companies in India have increased the airfares in all routes with immediate effect.
      B. There has been substantial reduction in aviation fuel prices in India during the past few weeks.
       
    24 A. There has been continuous increase in average temperature during winter in many parts of the country over the past few years.
      B. There has been significant changes in the wind pattern across the country over the last few years.
       
    25 A. The conditions of all the major roads in the city have deteriorated causing hardship to motorists.
      B. The municipal authority have sanctioned significant amount to repair all the major roads in the city.
       
    26 A. The BPO sector has laid off a large number of employees in the recent months.
      B. Very few projects are now being outsourced to BPO sector.
       
    27 A. There has been sharp decline in sales of passenger cars during the last few months.
      B. Many finance companies have announced attractive schemes of car loans with moderate interest rate.

     

     

    Check below for answers

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Answers:

    1 E) none of these
    2 D) cannot be determined
    3 B) VI
    4 C) VI
    5 E) none of these
    6 A) four
    7 D) 38@©*3
    8 C) 68@1#6
    9 A) %42©*%
    10 A) 2#17@4
    11 B) 1©7#6*
    12 E) none of these
    13 D) W
    14 A) T
    15 E)  none of these
    16 A) R
    17 B) T
    18 B) only assumption II implicit
    19 D) neither assumption I nor II is implicit
    20 A) only assumption I implicit
    21 E) both assumption I and II are implicit
    22 B) only assumption II is implicit
    23 D) both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
    24 E) both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common causes causes.
    25 A) statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    26 B) statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
    27 A) statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.

     

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