• Practice Test: Logical Reasoning – 43

     

    1 Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
      a) Black
      b) Yellow
      c) Red
      d) Green
      e) Violet
       
    2 How many such pairs of letters are there in the word FOREIGN each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?
      a) None
      b) One
      c) Two
      d) Three
      e) More than three
       
    3 Each vowel in the word JOURNEY is replaced by the previous letter in the English alphabet and each consonant is replaced by the next letter in the English alphabet, then the substituted letters are arranged in alphabetical order. Which of the following will be the fifth from the left end?
      a) D
      b) K
      c) O
      d) T
      e) None of these
       
    4 How many such digits are there in the number 5846937 each of which is as far away from the beginning of the number as when the digits are arranged in ascending order within the number?
      a) None
      b) One
      c) Two
      d) Three
      e) More than three
       
    5 In a certain code language, ‘food is good’ is written as ‘ho na ta’, ‘eat food regularly’ is written as‘sa ta la’ and ‘keep good health’ is written as ‘da na ja’. How is ‘eat’ written in that code language?
      a) sa
      b) la
      c) sa or la
      d) Data inadequate
      e) None of these
       
    6 In a row of thirty boys, R is fourth from the right end and W is tenth from the left end. How many boys are there between R and W?
      a) 15
      b) 16
      c) 17
      d) Cannot be determined
      e) None of these
       
    7 Among A, B, C, D and E each having a different weight, D is heavier than A and E and B is lighter than C. Who among them is the heaviest?
      a) D
      b) B
      c) C
      d) Data inadequate
      e) None of these
       
    8 In a certain code CORDIAL is written as ‘SPDCMBJ’. How is SOMEDAY written in that code?
      a) NPTDEBZ
      b) NPTFZBE
      c) TPNDZBE
      d) NPTDZBE
      e) None of these
       
    9 How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters EMLI using each letter only once in each word?
      a) One
      b) Two
      c) Three
      d) Four
      e) More than four
       
    10 Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
      a) 45
      b) 51
      c) 39
      d) 93
      e) 85
       
    11 What should come next in the following letter series?
      A Z A B Y A B C X A B C D W A B C D E V A B C D E
      a) U
      b) T
      c) A
      d) G
      e) None of these
       
    12 If ‘P’ denotes ‘multiplied by’; ‘R’ denotes ‘added to’; T’ denotes ‘subtracted from’ and ‘W denotes ‘divided by’, then——
      64 W 4 P 8 T 6 R 4 =?
      a) 96
      b) 2
      c) 130
      d) 126
      e) None of these
       
    13 If it is possible to make only one meaningful English word with the first, the sixth, the eighth and the ninth letters of the word HOARDINGS, which of the following will be the third letter of that word? If no such word can be made, give ‘X’ as the answer and if more than one such word can be made, give Y as the answer.
      a) G
      b) I
      c) S
      d) X
      e) Y
    14 In a certain code DOES is written as ‘5$3%’ and SITE is written as ‘%4#3’. How is EDIT written in that code?
      a) 354#
      b) 3#54
      c) 3$4#
      d) 35$#
      e) None of these
       
    15 D is brother of B. M is brother of B. K is father of M. T is wife of K. How is B related to T?
      a) Son
      b) Daughter
      c) Son or Daughter
      d) Data inadequate
      e) None of these
       
      Directions (Questions 16-21)

    Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the questions given below:

      B 2 M E J % R 5 @ N D I P 4 © T 3 9 F U 1 $ 6 H J A 7 * G Q #
       
    16 Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
      a) 5NI
      b) 9U$
      c) HA*
      d) 7G#
      e) DPT
       
    17 How many such vowels are there in the above arrangement, each of which is immediately preceded by a number and immediately followed by a consonant?
      a) None
      b) One
      c) Two
      d) Three
      e) Four
       
    18 Which of the following is the fifth to the left of the eighteenth from the left end of the above arrangement?
      a) %
      b) A
      c) D
      d) 3
      e) None of these
       
    19 If all the symbols in the above arrangement are dropped, which of the following will be the twelfth from the right end?
      a) 4
      b) 3
      c) 9
      d) F
      e) None of these
       
    20 How many such consonants are there in the above arrangement, each of which is immediately preceded by a number and immediately followed by a letter?
      a) None
      b) One
      c) Two
      d) Three
      e) More than three
       
    21 Which of the following is the ninth to the right of the twentieth from the right end of the above arrangement?
      a) D
      b) @
      c) 1
      d) 6
      e) None of these
       
      Directions (Questions 22-27)

     

    In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II & III. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

       
    22 Statements: All windows are doors. All buildings are doors. All doors are boats.
      Conclusions: I. All windows are boats.

    II. All buildings are boats.

    III. Some boats are doors.

      a) Only I and II follow
      b) Only I and III follow
      c) Only II and III follow
      d) All follow
      e) None of these
       
    23 Statements: Some desks are chairs. Some chairs are pens. Some pens are drawers.
      Conclusions: I. Some drawers are desks.

    II. Some drawers are chairs.

    III. No drawer is chair.

      a) None follows
      b) Only II follows
      c) Only III follows
      d) Only either II or III follow
      e) Only I and either II or III follow
       
    24 Statements: All flowers are trees. Some trees are houses. All houses are wheels.
      Conclusions: I. Some wheels are trees.

    II. Some trees are flowers.

    III. Some wheels are flowers.

      a) Only I and II follow
      b) Only I and III follow
      c) Only II and III follow
      d) All I, II and III follow
      e) None of these
       
    25 Statements: Some radios are telephones. All telephones are mirrors. All mirrors are desks.
      Conclusions: I. Some radios are desks.

    II. Some radios are mirrors.

    III. Some desks are telephones.

      a) Only I and II follow
      b) Only I and III follow
      c) Only II and III follow
      d) All follow
      e) None of these
       
    26 Statements: All furnitures are jungles. No jungle is road. Some roads are hills.
      Conclusions: I. Some roads are furnitures.

    II. Some jungles are furnitures.

    III. Some hills are jungles.

      a) Only I follows
      b) Only II follows
      c) Only III follows
      d) Only I and II follow
      e) None of these
       
    27 Statements: All bricks are stones. Some stones are rocks. All rocks are mountains.
      Conclusions: I. Some mountains are stones.

    II. Some mountains are bricks.

    III. Some stones are bricks.

      a) Only I follows
      b) Only III follows
      c) Only I and III follow
      d) All follow
      e) None of these
       
      Directions (Questions 28-33)

     

    28 In the following questions, the symbols #, %,@, $ and ©are used with the following meanings illustrated.
      ‘‘P # Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’

    ‘P % Q’ means’ P is not greater than Q’.

    ‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’.

    ‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’.

    ‘P © Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor greater than Q’.

      In each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true.

    Give answer a) if only conclusion I is true.

    Give answer b) if only conclusion II is true.

    Give answer c) if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

    Give answer d) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.

    Give answer e) if both conclusions I and II are true.

       
    28 Statement: H © W, W % R, R @ F
      Conclusions: I. R©H II. R @ H
       
    29 Statement: M$T, T@K, K©D
      Conclusions: I. D$T II. K$M
       
    30 Statement: R % N, N # F, F @ B
      Conclusions: I. F©R II. B$N
       
    31 Statement: H @ W, W $ M, M # K
      Conclusions: I. K$W II. H @ M
       
    32 Statement: R#T, T©M, M @ D
      Conclusions: I. D$T II. R#M
       
    33 Statement : F # K, K $ B, B % M
      Conclusions: I. M @ F II. B @ F
       

     

    Check below for answers

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Answers:

    1 A) black
    2 C) two
    3 E) none of these
    4 B) one
    5 C) sa or la
    6 B) 16
    7 D) data inadequate
    8 D) NPTDZBE
    9 B) two
    10 A) 45
    11 E) none of these
    12 D) none of these
    13 A) G
    14 A) 354#
    15 C) son or daughter
    16 E) DPT
    17 A) none
    18 E) none of these
    19 B) 3
    20 D) three
    21 C) 1
    22 D) all follow
    23 D) either II or III follow
    24 A) only I and II follow
    25 D) all follow
    26 B) only II follow
    27 C) only III follow
    28 C) either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
    29 A) only conclusion II is true.
    30 B) only conclusion II is true.
    31 D) neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
    32 E) both conclusion I and conclusion II are true.
    33 D)  neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.

     

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