• Practice Test: Logical Reasoning – 36

      Directions (Questions: 1- 5):

    Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

      Following are the conditions for selecting Marketing Manager in an organization: The candidate must —

    (i) be at least 30 years old as on 1.3.2009.

    (ii) have secured at least 55 percent marks in graduation.

    (iii) have secured at least 60 percent marks in Post graduate Degree/Diploma in Marketing.

    (iv) have post qualification work experience of at least five years in the Marketing Division of an organization,

    (v) have secured at least 45 percent marks in the selection process.

      In the case of a candidate who satisfies all other conditions except —

    (A) at (iv) above, but has post qualification work experience of at least two years as Deputy Marketing Manager, the case is to be referred to GM-Marketing.

    (B) at (ii) above, but has secured at least 65 percent marks in Post graduate Degree/Diploma in Marketing Management, the case is to be referred to Vice President-Marketing.

      In each question below is given details of one candidate. You have to take one of the following courses of actions based on the information provided and the conditions and sub-conditions given above and mark your answer accordingly. You are not to assume anything other than the information provided in each question. All these cases are given to you as on 1.3.2009.

     

    Mark answer a) if the candidate is not to be selected.

    Mark answer b) if the candidate is to be selected.

    Mark answer c) if the data are inadequate to take a decision.

    Mark answer d) if the case is to be referred to Vice President-Marketing.

    Mark answer e) if the case is to be referred to GM-Marketing.

       
    1 Suresh Mehta has secured 58 percent marks in graduation. He was born on 19th May 1975. He has secured 50 percent marks in the selection process. He has been working for the past seven years in the Marketing division of an organization after completing his Post Graduation with 62 percent marks.
       
    2 Sudha Gopalan has secured 50 percent marks in both selection process and graduation. She has been working for the past six years in the Marketing division of an organization after completing her Post Graduate Diploma in Marketing with 70 percent marks. She was born on14th October 1978.
       
    3 Divya Kohli has been working for the past five years in marketing division of an organization after completing her Post Graduate Diploma in Marketing with 65 percent marks. She has secured 55 percent marks in graduation and 50 percent marks in the selection process. She was born on 2nd April 1979.
       
    4 Navin Marathe was born on 8th April 1975. He has secured 60 percent marks in both graduation and Post-Graduate Degree in Marketing. He has been working for the past six years in the Marketing division of an organization after completing his PG Degree in Marketing. He has secured 50 percent marks in the selection process.
       
    5 Varun Malhotra was born on 3rd July 1976. He has been working as Deputy Marketing Manager in an organization for the past three years after completing his Post Graduate Degree in Marketing with 65 percent marks. He secured 55 percent marks in both graduation and selection process.
      Directions (Questions: 6- 10):

    In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II.

      An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
      Give answer a) if only Assumption I is implicit.
      Give answer b) if only Assumption II is implicit.
      Give answer c) if either Assumption I or II is implicit.
      Give answer d) if neither Assumption I nor II is implicit.
      Give answer e) if both Assumptions I and II are implicit.
       
    6 Statement: The city transport corporation has introduced air-conditioned buses on various routes to attract people traveling to their work places by car and hence reduce congestion on the roads.
      Assumptions: I. Majority of the people may still prefer to travel to their work places in their own cars.
      II .Many people may now opt for these buses for traveling to their work places.
       
    7 Statement: The state govt. has announced an amnesty scheme for all the housing societies defaulting on payment of municipal taxes asking these societies to pay upfront six percent of the dues arid regularize their status without any penalty.
      Assumptions: I. Most of the defaulting housing societies may now opt for the amnesty scheme and pay up their dues,
      II. Other housing societies which have been paying their taxes regularly may file case against the govt. for discriminatory practices.
       
    8 Statement: Mr. X started at 9.00 am from his residence to attend a meeting scheduled to be held at 11.00 am and instructed his assistant to meet him at the venue of the meeting and hand over the relevant documents.
      Assumptions: I. Mr. X may arrive at the meeting place before 11.00 am.
      II. Mr. X’s assistant may be able to arrive at the venue before commencement of the meeting.
       
    9 Statement:“If you are a first class graduate with good communication skill and also have work experience of at least two years in the sales related activities, you are welcome in our organization” -An employment advertisement.
      Assumptions: I Many with good communication skills may not respond to the advertisement.
      II. All the first class graduates may possess good communication skills.
    10 Statement: The railway authority has announced suspension of movements of train on the main track within the city limit for carrying out major repair works during Saturday and Sunday and advised the commuters to plan their journey accordingly.
      Assumptions: I. The commuters may protest against the decision of the railway authority and may disrupt other transport services.
      II. The municipal authority may be able to deploy additional buses during Saturday and Sunday to help the commuters.
       
      Directions (Questions: 11- 15):

    Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

      P, Q, R, S, T, V and W are seven students of a college. Each of them has a favorite subject from Physics, Chemistry, English, Biology, History, Geography and Philosophy, not necessarily in the same order. Each of them also has a favourite sport from Football, Cricket, Hockey, Volleyball, Badminton, Table Tennis and Basketball, not necessarily in the same order. R likes Philosophy and his favourite sport is Hockey. The one who likes Football likes English. T’s favourite sport is not Badminton or Table Tennis. V does not like either History or Biology. The one whose favourite sport is Basketball does not like Physics. W likes Chemistry and his favourite sport is Volleyball. S likes Geography. Q’s favourite sport is Badminton. V does not like English and his favourite sport is not Basketball. P’s favourite sport is Cricket. The one whose favourite sport is Badminton does not like Biology.
    11 Who likes History?
      a) P
      b) R
      c) Q
      d) V
      e) Data inadequate
       
    12 Whose favourite sport is Basketball?
      a) S
      b) W
      c) Q
      d) Data inadequate
      e) None of these
       
    13 Which subject does T like?
      a) Biology
      b) Physics
      c) Chemistry
      d) Data inadequate
      e) None of these
       
    14 What is Q’s favourite sport?
      a) Cricket
      b) Table Tennis
      c) Football
      d) Badminton
      e) None of these
       
    15 Which subject does P like?
      a) History
      b) Biology
      c) Chemistry
      d) Data inadequate
      e) None of these
       
      Directions (Questions: 16- 20):

    Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage? You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.

      Mark answer a) if the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.

    Mark answer b) if the inference is ‘probably true’ though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.

    Mark answer c) if the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

    Mark answer d) if the inference is ‘probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.

    Mark answer e) if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

      Between 2002-03 and 2006-07, Indian economy grew annually at 8.7% led by the services sector at 9% per year. In 1990, India’s share of services, at 40% of GDP was consistent with its per capita income for low-income country. By 2001, its share of one-half of the GDP was higher by five percentage points, compared to the average for low-income countries. Economic reforms that energized the private corporate sector and technological changes that opened up new vistas in telecommunications, IT and outsourcing are believed to be responsible for the impressive performance. However, the services led growth remains a puzzle at a low per capita income, with 55% of the work force still engaged in agriculture, and when agriculture decelerated and industry stagnated – defying a styled fact in economics.
    16 India has now emerged as a high per capita income country.
       
    17 Growth in India’s services sector post 2005 is more than 9 percent.
       
    18 Less than half of total work force is engaged in Agricultural sector in India.
       
    19 Share of services sector in India’s GDP has crossed the half way mark in early 2000.
       
    20 In early nineties, the share of services sector in GDP for low per capita income group of countries is about 40 percent.
       
      Directions (Questions: 21- 25):

    Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

      Mark answer a) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.

    Mark answer b) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

    Mark answer c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

    Mark answer d) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

    Mark answer e) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

    21 (A) There have been sporadic events of stone pelting throughout the day in the affected areas of the city.
      (B) Many wounded people were brought to the nearby hospitals from the affected areas of the city.
       
    22 (A) Many people left from the city for their native places during the Summer months.
      (B) Many tourists gathered in the city during summer months.
       
    23 (A) All the schools declared holiday on the next day of the major festival.
      (B) All the colleges declared holiday on the next day of the major festival.
       
    24 (A) The residents reported of increased criminal activities in the area to the local police station.
      (B) Many criminals were arrested by searching the residence of the suspected individuals.
       
    25 (A) Govt. has awarded a high stake reward scheme for such persons who may provide any information about the suspect.
      (B) Four members of a family were brutally murdered by unidentified gunmen.

     

    Check below for answers…

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Answers

    1 B) the candidate is to be selected.
    2 D) the case is to be referred to Vice President-Marketing.
    3 A) the candidate is not to be selected.
    4 B) the candidate is to be selected.
    5 E) the case is to be referred to GM Marketing
    6 A) only Assumption I is implicit
    7 A) only Assumption I is implicit
    8 E) both Assumptions I and II are implicit.
    9 D) neither Assumption I nor II is implicit.
    10 D) neither Assumption I nor II is implicit.
    11 C) Q
    12 A) S
    13 E) none of these
    14 D) badminton
    15 B) biology
    16 B) the inference is ‘probably true’ though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
    17 C) the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
    18 E) the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
    19 C) the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
    20 C) the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
    21 A) statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    22 D) both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
    23 E) both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common  causes.
    24 A) statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    25 B) statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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